Lord Howe Island is located in the South Pacific Ocean approximately 700km north east of Sydney and is part of NSW. The Island is crescent shaped, approximately 11km long and 3km wide with a land area of 1,455 hectares. A coral reef 6km long encloses a lagoon on the Western side. The lower central section of the Island, which supports the settlement area, is located between a northerly range of hills (up to 209m) and a rugged southern landscape dominated by two spectacular mountains, Mount Lidgbird (777m) and Mount Gower (875m).
The climate is semi-tropical with average temperatures between about 18°C and 26°C in summer and 13°C and 18°C in winter. Average rainfall is 1686mm with a winter maximum of 188mm in July and a summer minimum of 106mm in February. Winds are predominantly easterly during summer and can be strong south-westerly in winter.
The Island has a high proportion of rare and endemic birds, plants, and invertebrates, and has the southernmost coral reef in the world. Three-quarters of the Island is within the Permanent Park Preserve, which is managed similarly to a national park. The whole Island Group, including Lord Howe Island, Ball's Pyramid, adjacent islands and islets and the surrounding marine environment were included on the World Heritage List in 1982.
The State and Commonwealth waters to 12 nautical miles seaward of Lord Howe Island and Ball's Pyramid were declared a Marine Park in June 2000.
There are approximately 400 residents and tourism is the major industry and source of income on the Island. Over 15,000 people visit the Island each year and there are 18 accommodation lodges.
Detailed visitor information can be found on the website LORD HOWE ISLAND - the last paradise, managed by the Lord Howe Island Toursim Association.