The Lord Howe Island Board implements a range of environmental projects to maintain and protect the Islands World Heritage values. Projects range from weed eradication, planning for the eradication of exotic rodents, eradication of African Big-headed Ants (ABHA), maintaining and upgrading the islands walking track network, re-vegetation works, quarantine/biosecurity, threatened species recovery and educating the community about the islands environmental attributes.
The Board allocates funding, the majority of which is generated through the Environment Levy paid by visitors to the island, to support environmental projects. External grants are also important in delivering key projects as the island community has limited resources to fund the broad range of programs required to maintain the World Heritage values. Volunteers also make an significant contribution to protecting the island's environment through the LHIB volunteer program.